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今日の授業での発言趣旨原稿

昨日の論文に基づいて、今日ゼミで発言する内容の骨子です。自分のためのメモです。

My fresh impression was towards the approach 1, which says that “poverty is due to economic underdevelopment; that is poverty occurs in the absence of effectively functioning markets.” In my case, that was industrial underdevelopment. Unemployment leads to poverty, and thus the solution is to develop industry and produce employment opportunity. I thought this way because I had experience of doing business with local factories in southeast Asia before embarking on the graduate study. When I visited local factories, a lot of employees were working and seemed earning a salary, which contribute to the reduction of poverty. Thus, my solution for poverty became to invigorate economy and industry that provides employment opportunity with the poor. After studying the economic development theory, basically I still believe this approach. Of course, I came to know that the social norm such as discrimination of minorities or political structure such as corruption prevent the benefit of development from spill over to the poor. But the bottom line is to create the opportunity of being employed. Thus, I value small and medium enterprise development, microfinance approach. In sum, the following things are all important such as developing industry through market mechanisms, tackling with corruption and discrimination, and providing the basic human need with the poor. That is why interdisciplinary approach is imperative for eradicating poverty.

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